Roman society benefited from the hard work and discipline of Roman farmers. Roman Republic During this time the government was led by an emperor. The Tiber provided a reliable source of fresh water which the Romans used for irrigating their farms, as well as drinking water for humans and animals. The region had mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. How did Rome’s geography help it to prosper? The Latin peoples fought amongst themselves just as the Greeks had done. The government was run by elected officials. Thousands are killed during gladiator games and fed to wild animals. 60+ CE The Roman empire begins persecuting Christians because they did not accept the divinity of the emperor. helped to protect Rome from outside attacks. They can also allow Physical Geography and Power in Ancient Rome Answer Key, continued Mountains protect areas from military invasion and could also be used to defend from attacks. Oceans and seas can allow certain industries, like fishing and trade, to thrive and benefit a society economically. Since the Byzantine Empire was once Roman territory, Romans had already accustomed to Roman’s methods, ways and the culture itself. Roman ships could sail to other lands surrounding Mediterranean helped in conquering new territories, developing trade routes Alps, Apennines mountains protected Rome, but did not isolate it. This fact is no different for Rome where the geography of Rome affected its expansion in a major way. ( see maps 3 and 4 – 220 and 200 BC ) At this point Rome had transformed from one of the major powers in the Mediterranean, to … In order to get out of being killed, all that they had to do was to say that the emperor was a god. Rome's location, being loosely in the center of the Mediterranean area, gave it the ability to expand in all four directions, which it did. The most important of these was the Greek culture in the eastern Mediterranean with its highly refined literature and learning. Romeʼs geography encouraged the growth of Roman civilization. During this time there was no single leader of Rome. Like many other ancient civilizations, the agricultural system of ancient Rome was supported by the presence of a major river. In the 6th century BC Rome was subservient to the Etruscans, part of a Latin League of city states that operated as loose federation, cooperating on some matters, independent on others. This climate made it possible for the region to develop a strong agricultural base. Christian, Greek, and Roman influenced their religion. The geography of a place often plays a big role in influencing the growth of settlements in the place. The study of ancient Roman government reveals a civilization that cycled through almost every form of government possible from oligarchy to tyrant and emperor. How Did The Geography Of Rome Affect Its Expansion? The first was the Roman Republic which lasted from 509 BC to 27 BC. Ancient Rome - Ancient Rome - Culture and religion: Expansion brought Rome into contact with many diverse cultures. They did not do this but chose to be martyrs instead. The mild climate enabled Romans to grow wheat, grapes, and olives. The second period was the Roman Empire which lasted from 27 BC to 476 AD (Western Roman Empire). Rome fought 3 bitter wars with Carthage and defeated the Carthaginians in every one, which led to Rome inheriting the vast ‘Punic’ empire of Carthage. The story of Romulus and Remus is just a legend, but Rome’s mighty empire did grow from what was little more than a village in the 8th century BC or even earlier. Rome responded to it with ambivalence: although Greek doctrina was attractive, it was also the culture of the defeated and enslaved. The seven hills protected Rome. The climate of Rome also helped the people of the city. 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