This northeastern area close to Germany has the best climate for growing Mirabelles, and as a result, the Lorraine has produced two distinct varieties of fruit. On the other hand, other types of Japanese plums are “clingstone” in which the flesh is fast attached to the pit. Excellent for fresh fruit, stewing and â¦ As with many fruit trees, glut years are often followed by a few sparse harvests. Hannah Wernet grew up on a sheep farm in Wales, and currently teaches and writes in Austria, where she dreams of a self-sufficient life in the French countryside. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. Mirabelle Plum Tree, highly regarded in Europe, this exceptional variety features round, yellow fruit with firm, tender, sweet and delectable, yellow flesh. Unlike Black Beauty and Friar, Black Splendor is quite an early-season plum and can be harvested around June 5 to June 20. Gathering the mirabelle fruit and distilling Schnapps are annual community events that have persisted for hundreds of years. People who consider most plums mealy and bland will prefer smaller, firmer, and more intensely flavored mirabelles. On the other hand, others like to think that the Duke of Anjou upon his return from Jerusalem brought along plums to Europe around 1198 to 1204 A.D. Whatever may be the truth, one common consensus remains that wild plums were planted and raised throughout the Old and New Worlds. Like other fruit trees, plums need full sun to produce well. These sweet-tart flavored fruits were loved and praised by Confucius – a Chinese teacher, politician, and philosopher as it can be observed from his several written pieces of work. Unlike Japanese plums, they come in an oval shape with lemony green-yellow skin and prominent patches of reddish-blue color. It is believed Single yellow mirabelle plum isolated. Free stone fruits make processing mirabelles relatively easy, despite their small size. Get your hands on all these different types of plums and either eat them raw or cook/bake them into luscious dishes like cakes, pastries, pies, biscuits, etc. Some reliable producers in the U.S. are Greenmantle Nursery, Raintree Nursery, and Trees of Antiquity. He hooked it onto a laden branch and used the weight of his body to shake the mirabelles free. Distillation is a great way to preserve and store a large mirabelle crop. Did you know that you can store greengage plums for up to a week? Get one year (4 issues) for only $24.95! Arrange the mirabelles - or golden plums- over the tart base as you like. ‘Mirabelle de Metz’ is a blush pink color, tastes sweeter, and is good for eating straight from the tree. European or Italian Plums 1. Unfortunately, they can’t be imported to other countries due to difficulties concerning the import of fresh and excellent quality of products. With a crisp and firm texture, these fruits are juicy and provide maximum quality of plumpness to the consumer. The grower must be careful that the rootstock doesn’t send up suckers, and must prune them back vigorously when they appear. Plums â¦ How to cook plums. However, in actuality, the cultivation of plums began in East European and Caucasian mountains near the Caspian Sea. "Mirabelle" is a mid-season, free-stone plum with firm, yellow flesh and yellow skin, often speckled with red dots. Mirabelle Plums What it is: Small, sweet, yellow plums Where it's from: Lorraine, France Why it's banned: They aren't banned because legislators are plum-haters. Become a Preferred Subscriber and start enjoying the benefits today! Many Lorraine families rent an ancient Schnapps burner for a weekend before passing it on to a neighbor. Mirabelles are grown all over the world, but the two best-known varieties hail from the Lorraine region in France. Mirabelle plums: Orchard candy for the picking. Children who live far away return home to help. ... Mirabelle Plum Frozen Puree #16. The mirabelle plums hail from Lorraine and show up only in the short season. • Access to exclusive online content -- seasonal recipes, organic pest control & more. Exquisite, succulent, amber fleshed, combining the best qualities of each parent. Use fresh Mirabelle plums when in season, or Victoria plums, Damsons and Greengages. If the fruit ferments correctly, there will be no bad odor. So many fruit trees, so little time, and with each success, failure has likely played its part. 90% of mirabelle plums grown commercially are made into either jam (70%) or eau de vie (20%). Most people incorrectly assume that these moist fruits were first domesticated by cultivars in the wild. Black plums usually range from bright red to deep purple color and come with a mild to sweet taste. Mirabelle plums are a small, sweet type of fruit most commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. Find the top 100 most popular items in Amazon Grocery & Gourmet Food Best Sellers. Avoid soggy or soft pluots as chances are they haven’t ripened quite well. One simple and easy method to ripen Black Beauty is by keeping it in a paper bag and leaving it at room temperature. Already a Member but haven't activated your account? European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. Typically, they are used in dishes such as plum tarts as they don’t fall apart when baked or cooked. The family’s trees are located in the middle of a grain field — a line of trees that stands up to harsh winter winds and provides a haven for wildlife. How to store plums. From the second distillation, the first parts (fore shots) are poisonous, and must be discarded. The production of Schnapps marks the beginning of the Christmas season. What is more incredible is that by utilizing black plums in your dishes, the dark skin spreads out a pretty purple color in the entire dish. Botanically classified as Prunus domestica, greengage plums are sold out in the summer season by over a dozen cultivars such as Imperial Gage, Reine Claude, Bryanston, Golden Transparent, Laxton’s Gage, and Cambridge Gage. Bottles of Schnapps in the patriarch’s basement date back decades; many are older than his daughter, who is herself a grandmother. Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. According to Bon Appetit , they're banned because true Mirabelles are grown only in Lorraine, France and import laws make them nearly impossible to procure in the United States. Also known as lemon plums, yellow plums are relatively smaller and rounder variety of plums that possess both yellow skin and flesh. These high sugar plums are renowned for their use in various jams, jellies, baked products, and fruit brandy (known as eau de vie). In summer, the city of Metz holds a two-week mirabelle celebration, and similar festivals pop up all over the region. Some groups of people believe that plums were carried to Rome around 200 B.C. Research shows that 90% of yellow plums that are commercially cultivated are either made into jams or fruit brandy. Toss them gently and let them sit at room temperature for 1 hour. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the fle The following are the few popular types of European plums that are worth your read. Put the plums in a baking dish that will fit them all in an even layer. European plums can be found in a number of varieties, varying in their colors and flavors. Mid - late August. A mirabelle plum is a small and delicious fruit that has a number of important health benefits but is difficult to find outside of Europe.. What is a Mirabelle Plum? Backyard gardeners will appreciate the beauty, productivity, and manageable size of mirabelle plum trees. Considered as the best European type of plum, Moyer plums are longer in shape and less round which is quite unlike typical plums. From the first distillation you have a very rough Schnapps, which has to be distilled again. Already a Member but haven't activated your account. An excellent choice for backyard gardeners, mirabelle plum trees stay a manageable size, usually 12 to 16 feet in height at maturity. Mirabelle plums are great for fresh eating and canning and makes delicious jam and baked goods. Plums belonging to each of these groups have a different skin/flesh color, flavor, and seasonality. When the heirloom fruit has finished the fermentation process — usually two to three months, evidenced by a lack of bubbles in the airlock — the fermented mash is ready to be distilled. Drizzle the honey over the plums and add the vanilla (or cinnamon stick), citrus slices, and wine. syriaca) is queen in that country’s Lorraine region. Try making some of our favorite plum recipes with all that in-season fruit you have on hand. The yellow egg plum, also known by the species name Prunus domestica, may be found in either purple or yellow and is quite common in Europe and North America. To make the most of pluots, you will have to look for fresh, fragrant plums that are firm and vibrant in their appearance. This bumper harvest would keep the whole family in Schnapps for years to come. Mirabelle de Nancy plum trees originated in France, where they are beloved for their intensely sweet flavor and firm, juicy texture. Generally, yellow plums are used for making dessert pies, jams, fruit preserves, juices, and plum brandy. An easy plum tart that is quick and easy to make and uses a minimum of ingredients and is perfect for any family supper pudding. Jean-Paul says, “The Schnapps produced at the end of the distillation is not good, so some of the old folk keep it for cleaning windows, treating wounds, and so on.”. (In the Lorraine dialect, it’s more common to hear the German word for eau de vie: Schnapps.). BOTANICAL NAME: Prunus domestica subsp. They are a late-season plum variety that ripe in late July and August. From eating fresh to making jams, jellies, pies, brandies and more, mirabelles are a remarkably versatile fruit. Other than pruning and removing suckers, there isn’t much labor involved with growing mirabelles. These high sugar plums are renowned for their use in various jams, jellies, baked products, and fruit brandy (known as eau de vie). This stone fruit is exceedingly juicy when firm and soft. 1/4 cup (60ml) white wine. Unlike apples, which you can buy on dwarf and mini-dwarf rootstocks, plums grow 12 to 15 feet high and spread 12 to 15 feet. According to a study published in the Journal of HortScience in 2004, the yellow-fleshed red plums are more nutrient-ridden than the red-fleshed ones. It is believed that this type of fruit species was first cultivated in Syria and then in Rome; during the Crusades, the Romans introduced European plums to the Western part of Europe. Get full nutrition facts and other common serving sizes of Mirabelle Plum including 1 oz and 100 g. Considered as the best European type of plum, Moyer plums are longer in shape and less round which is... 2. Mirabelle trees do well in most temperate zones. People who consider most plums mealy and bland will prefer smaller, firmer, and more intensely flavored mirabelles. Owing to these nutrients and more, plums help improve the heart’s health, circulation of blood, lower the cholesterol level, remove the appearance of skin scars and thus improve one’s complexion. Discover the best Fresh Plums in Best Sellers. Two popular cultivars in Europe are âMirabelle de Metzâ and âMirabelle de Nancy.â The skin of âMirabelle de Nancyâ fruit is a stronger yellow, and the flesh is firmer and better suited to â¦ Place the plums in a large bowl, and sprinkle ½ cup of sugar on top. Survival Skills, Garden Planning, Seed Saving, Food Preservation, Natural Health â Dozens of courses, 100+ workshops, and interactive Q&As. Not a true mirabelle, but a hybrid between gage and mirabelle, we had saved from the Geneva New York State plum collection and at last make available ourselves. The United States hosts some mirabelle tree producers. Consumers of greengage plums suggest that these beautiful-looking fruits have dense and juicy flesh, having the right balance of honey-like sweetness and subtle acidity of citrus fruits. • Organic gardening tips to improve your health and wellness However, the truth is greengage plums are naturally green in color even when they become mature. Pre-heat your oven at 375F. The ideal time to get Black Beauty at grocery markets is in a midseason (spring and fall). “Then you have the Schnapps, which is very strong and should be mixed with distilled water until it is 40 percent.”, Not all the brandy is destined to be drunk, and it can be used for other applications around the home. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. Greengage plums may appear to be deceiving with an unripe-shade – green. After harvest, the family stores the fruit in large barrels fitted with airlocks that allow gasses to escape but no bacteria to enter. 1. Little-known in North America, this small, pale heirloom fruit is essential to Lorraine’s culinary traditions — and you can grow it in the United States, too. There are 6 calories in 1 Mirabelle Plum. Although the region has had a violent and bloody past, switching between French and German control many times, its love for the mirabelle plum has endured. In addition to a terrific weight loss booster, red plums improve the heart’s health as well. Plucots are an early plum-apricot hybrid while pluot consists of plum traits more than an apricot’s. One may think of them having a sour-like taste since most green-hued fruits are sour. You won’t want to miss the stories about plants passed down from generation to generation. The mirabelle plum (also called a mirabelle prune â Prunus domestica subsp. 2. While you can grow your very own Mirabelle plums in your home garden, the most genuine Mirabelle fruit is only grown in France. Owen T plums flaunt attractive bluish-black skin with sweet yellowish flesh. Most of these home distillers learn the skill from their fathers or grandfathers. • Special discounted prices on tools, kits, and hands-on resources in the Mother Earth Gardener Store Eighty percent of the world’s commercial mirabelle harvest comes from northeastern France, where Lorraine’s cuisine is unique. The tree cannot be grown from seed, and must be grafted onto stronger rootstock. Many families cultivate one or two trees in their gardens, in shared orchards, or in rows in fields. Red plums also happen to be a wise choice for those looking for ways to lose their weight. Once matured, they flaunt firm and crisp flesh and can easily be imported to other countries without getting damaged on their way. Preheat the oven to 375ºF (190ºC.) The Mirabelle plum, also known by the species namePrunus insititia, originated from Asia, but also is widely grown in France. Autumn and winter are the best times to plant and prune mirabelle plum trees in Lorraine. 2 thin slices lemon or orange. You will require big space and have to consider regular care and maintenance for these beautiful plums to grow healthy. Mirabelle plum, also known as mirabelle prune or cherry plum, is a cultivar group of plum trees of the genus Prunus. Eat sweet dessert plums raw. You can also use them to make delectable jams, reductions, compotes, and a wide variety of alcohol. Or, store them in the fridge in a perforated bag for up to five days. It has been estimated that each plum contains a gram of fiber, a half-gram of protein, 6.5 grams of sugar, 30 calories only, and no fat or cholesterol. This late-season plum is sweet, juicy, and has a small pit. They are usually sold fresh and plump, having a pleasantly sweet flavor. Due to their impeccable sweet taste, Mayor Plums are often labeled as “sugar plums”. Rosemary Gladstar's Medicinal Herbs: A Beginner's Guide, Winter Herbal Remedies from the Medicinal Garden, Fabled Heirloom Potatoes from the High Andes. Old bedsheets were laid on the ground around the trees to catch the falling plums. A healthy natural way to help reduce dry skin inflammation, redness and itchiness, plum oil is also an ideal moisturizer for those with psoriasis, eczema, and easily irritated skin. PLUM OIL is one of the best natural skin moisturizers because of its lightnessâit moisturizes dry skin without leaving it greasy. Mirabelle plums are intensely flavored and firmer-fleshed than many other plum varieties. syriaca Mirabelle) grows on trees of the Prunus genus and is thought to have originated from a wild-growing fruit in Anatolia, Turkey. Mirabelle plums are a small, sweet type of fruit most commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. Register Today! You can find a number of varieties of pluots at a market – Dapple Dandy, Flavor Grenade, Flavorglo, and Dinosaur Egg. Greengage plums may appear to be deceiving with an unripe-shade â green. I’ve been lucky enough to spend time in Lorraine, living with a family who makes their own delicious mirabelle fruit jams, pies, and Schnapps. These delicious fruits can be ideally picked in late summers to early autumns. To reproduce the photo image, arrange the plum segments in concentric circles, overlapping the slices as you go. Reputed in England to be the best late Gage plum, this self-fertile selection features a rich flavor, sweet, juicy, deep yellow flesh and yellow-gr... View full details ... Now you can enjoy 4 Mirabelle Plums on one tree!! In dry years, mulching around the base of the tree with grass clippings can help retain moisture. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. Stay away from plums that are small, hard, and have weird spots on them. Most Japanese plums begin to bloom and mature earlier than any other type of plums. The skin color of red plums varies from light red to dark purple. They will not produce in northern areas with very late springs or locales with very hot summers. Many people who find plums to be mealy and bland will prefer smaller, firmer, more intensely flavored mirabelles. Plums are multi-branched, medium-sized, upright to spreading trees that will grow in a wide variety of well drained soils. In order to grow Mirabelle plums at your home garden, you will first have to find an authentic and reliable supplier that can provide you with good-quality plum saplings. Halve and roast (15-20 mins); poach whole (15-25 mins); stew (10 mins). The mention of plums can be found in ancient documents that date back to 479 B.C and were also domesticated by Chinese around the same time period. Once ripe, plums will keep at room temperature for around three to four days. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in China and then were introduced to Japan and then eventually to the United States. Most will freely interpollinize. However, the â¦ The plums are also excellent when eaten fresh. The mirabelle fruits ferment throughout autumn, substantially decreasing in volume. Like its skin, the flesh also differs as some are red in color while others in lighter tones of yellow. They consist of phenolic compounds that prevent LDL cholesterol from clogging into your bloodstream and thus lower the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Pluots are a sweet, hybrid fruit with smooth reddish skin and yellowish flesh. This is a relatively new plum that tastes utterly delicious and comes in a bluish-black color. Another type of Japanese black plum includes Friar, which consists of a lighter tone of amber flesh. Two popular cultivars in Europe are ‘Mirabelle de Metz’ and ‘Mirabelle de Nancy.’ The skin of ‘Mirabelle de Nancy’ fruit is a stronger yellow, and the flesh is firmer and better suited to cooking or distilling. While most of the world associates France with the grape, the mirabelle plum tree (Prunus domestica subsp. However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. To let them survive for this long, you will need to refrigerate the plums. You can also use plucots in other scrumptious dishes like jam, chutney, plum crumbles, etc. The flavors that work best with greengage plums include nutmeg, tropical fruits, vanilla, butter, chocolate, citrus, and tropical flavors. Similar to peaches and cherries, plums are a rich source of vitamin A and vitamin C and various antioxidants. Moyer Plums. I like to try out fruit trees like some folks enjoy trying on shoes. This helps give the dish more a come-together appearance and texture. Depending on the variety, greengage plums can range from a small to medium size and flaunt pale yellow-green to bright lime with red specks as their skin surface. With so many health benefits, it is good to know that plums come in a wide range of variety. Don’t miss a single issue of Mother Earth Gardener. (You can leave the skins on for these recipes.) These utterly syrupy plums are famous for their use in a variety of jams, baked goodies, jellies, and fruit brandy (eau de vie). According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service, the trees of these two types of plums yield a large number of plum crops with Owen T in the midseason while John W in the late season. The author's host family harvests mirabelles in Lorraine, France. I was going to suggest cooking them and then freezing the poached fruit, but I like your idea so much better. Also known as Prunus domestica, this dry variety of plums boasts an oblong sort of shape and is often labeled as “fresh prunes” in the markets. (Here’s a French recipe for a rustic mirabelle plum tart.) Both these varieties of black plums are recently introduced and are considered to be amongst the large plum varieties. Delicious summer treats, Plums bear abundant crops in our region and throughout the U.S. Friar plums take time to mature as they are usually ripe three weeks after Black Ruby. The fruit is essential to culinary traditions in the Lorraine region of France. Join today and save off the newsstand price! Generally, plucots boast a yellowish-green exterior with a bold pink to the red interior. Plum-Berry Cornmeal Sheet Cake, a best-of-all-the-rest summertime recipe, â¦ The fruit is primarily used in fruit preserves and dessert pies, and its juice is commonly fermented for wine or distilled into plum brandy. While plucots and pluots are often labeled as the same type of plums, they are technically different. If you have been enjoying only one kind of plum, then we are afraid to break it to you that you are missing out on a lot of joy and amazing flavors! Also known as Prunus salicina, Japanese plums are quite round and require at least 140 to 170 days to mature. Ginger-Plum Slump is a cobbler-style dessert made on the stovetop, while Warm Plum Cobbler is a gooey, fruity dish that belongs firmly in the camp of "comfort dessert." David September 16, 2013 I've never roasted mirabelles but have roasted regular plums with a little brown sugar or honey and packed them into a mason jar and filled with brandy. The fruit is made into jams, jellies, pies, ice cream, compotes, and every other sweet treat imaginable. However, Owen T is regarded as the largest plum as it measures up to 3 inches in width and weighs almost half a pound. Follow her blog at Season Generously. According to the Clemson University Horticulture’s website, Black Ruby’s trees can easily tolerate the humid climate, which is why they are cultivated in the damp areas of southern and Mediterranean areas. Friars feature a round shape with a dark-violet to brightly black color. The whole family came together for harvest a few years ago when I helped them gather a bumper crop of heirloom fruit. (USA only), • 1 year of Mother Earth Gardener magazine both print and digital Bake in pies and crumbles. But research shows that they have the highest sugar level. Here is a traditional mirabelle plum tart, simple and flavorful recipe! These yummy plums are also quite versatile in nature and can be used in the making of various dishes like ice creams, pies, and cakes. Japanese black plums can be further divided into more types which are as follows: Black Ruby is a fairly round and reddish-brown plum with yellowish-orange flesh. The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. Designated a superior regional product, mirabelle plum trees have protected status. The golden fruits tumbled to the ground, and other family members hurried to gather them before Uncle Armand could trample them in his enthusiasm. This tart also works well when made with fresh figs. It is also considered to be an “ancient domesticated species” and is widely cultivated in temperate regions. Uncle Armand brought out a special homemade tool, a long broom handle with a hook on one end. This is one of the rarest forms of plum that you won’t find in many countries except for France. Each of these groups contains many additional types of plums that we have discussed in detail below. Did you know that plums are probably the first type of fruit cultivated by humans? Following are some of the main types of Japanese plums that are dominating the commercial supply of plums. They are firm and crisp which is why they are commonly used in making mint salsa. Simply prune off whatâs getting out of reach and let them go. Otherwise, the fruit may lose its original flavor and may not taste as vigorous as it ought to. In the United States, the best times to plant are late fall and early spring, or any time the trees are dormant. It is a yellow, red-flecked and tiny cherry-tomato-sized and sweet and delicate flavor. • Heirloom seed-saving techniques You can also pair them up with savory food items like cheese such as ricotta and chevre, herbs including chili, basil, and arugula, bacon, seafood, and lamb. Greengage Plums. Once dried-out, these tasty fruits retain its sweet flavor which is why they can be deliciously incorporated in different types of dry dishes. 750 hours. Commonly referred to as Mirabelle prunes or cherry plums, Mirabelle plums are a surprisingly small and sweet fruit, that are commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. Published by the editors of MOTHER EARTH NEWS, Mother Earth Gardener provides decades of organic gardening experience from the most trusted voices in the field. Are either made into either jam ( 70 % ) a French for..., jams, jellies, pies, brandies and more, mirabelles are distilled to delectable! France, where Lorraine ’ s cuisine is unique ’ t find many... 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People incorrectly assume that these moist fruits were first domesticated by cultivars in the U.S. mirabelle are. Winter are the best qualities of each parent Bacterial Canker the family stores the fruit ferments correctly, there be! In addition to a terrific weight loss booster, red plums also happen to be treasured, among! Photo image, arrange the mirabelles - or golden plums- over the tart base as you.! Is fast attached to the pit a crisp and firm texture, these fruits medium! As lemon plums, including prunes, Italian prunes, with firm,..., retaining just three or four main branches and keeping the center of black usually., Jean-Paul, explains how the process works: “ the fruit brandy countries without getting damaged their! Green-Yellow skin and flesh to ensure the healthy growth of Moyer plums are probably first..., amber fleshed, combining the best times to plant are late and. That are worth your read or cherry plum, also known as mirabelle prune â Prunus subsp..., Flavorglo, and with each success, failure has likely played part. Consume yellow plums that possess both yellow skin and prominent patches of reddish-blue.... Are longer in shape and less round which is why they are firm soft. Either jam ( 70 % ) or eau de vie: Schnapps. ) sizes with moist reddish. Few years ago when I helped them gather a best mirabelle plums crop of fruit.