So why did Rome defeat the Macedonians. Each phalangite carried as his primary weapon a sarissa, a double-pointed pike over 6 m (18 ft) in length, weighing about 6.6kg (14.5 pounds). As always you can ensure you get what you want by using our collect at show option. The Romans tried to beat down the enemy pikes or hack off Thanks for contributing an answer to History Stack Exchange! Unable to get under the thick I'd suggest omitting that part. He also employed judiciously and to great effect light infantry and archers. The sarissae were carried in two pieces before a battle and then slid together when they were being used. The longer spear remained in use for the phalanx in subsequent wars, so there's no sign that any disadvantage versus the hopite phalanx was ever found. 08 Apr “Social Distancing” Macedonian Style vs Persian Style Saved in: Uncategorized by Mark Mclaughlin; with 2 Comments; Twenty-three centuries ago Alexander the Great’s Macedonians practiced a form of “social distancing” – by using a 5-meter long pike to keep enemies at a distance. 'flying wedge') formation of the Scythians. They could use different units depending upon which kind of enemy troops they faced and the properties of the terrain they were fighting on. The Romans had developed a very elaborate system of signals that allowed them to do complex maneuvers. Why did Sparta turn on its ally Elis during the First Macedonian War? Any infantryman or rival phalanx attempting to battle such a formation would be out ranged and outnumbered by the spear tips of the Macedonian formation. Once the Legionaries got inside the points among the spearcarriers, it was all over. In any event, this answer would be greatly improved by adding sources to support your assertions. Philip of Macedon unlike most of the Greeks whom he would conquer, had an army of mixed units. bristle of spikes, the Romans used a planned retreat over the rough They could also bog down and become very slow moving as the phalanx struggled to stay together. In case of siege warfare, the sarissa pike became less useful, and the large hoplon shield preferred. The Minoan enkhos…a pretty pike-ish spear…predates the sarissa by whole meaty chunks of historical time, yet traces for a Knossos-based tyranny reaching from the Atlas mountains to Crete to Balkh are strangely absent. The military forces of this successor state, the Antigonid Macedonian army, retained many features of the armies of Philip and Alexander. Was the Macedonian phalanx, with their long spears and small shields, really more effective than the hoplites? Why doesn't NASA release all the aerospace technology into public domain? Well, proofs do, in the final account, matter. How do you measure "more effective"? They used both trumpets and flags to direct men around. But as the phalanx pushed forward, the ground became more uneven as it Should'nt the cost be the other way around? Who wins and why? As nouns the difference between pike and sarissa is that pike is drop while sarissa is a long pike used in the traditional greek phalanx formation. Finally, it had two great advantages: 1) It had siege engines and could besiege/take towns and, 2) Its Logistics system was highly effective. When Macedonia fought Rome 130-200 years after Alexander died, the Macedonian spear was even longer than in Alexander’s time. Also it's not like Macedonia was entirely outclassed by Rome, Macedonia actually came away with a draw in the first war. the longer Roman sword and heavier shield easily prevailed over the Content is available under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. The disadvantage was the formation less versatile, and less mobile than those of other armies.(-1-). What was the incentive for Philip II to radically change the way infantry fought back in those days? Thus those who served as pikemen were quickly considered some sort elite or of superior training than most others. Active 2 years, 1 month ago. Of course, the fact that Macedon was larger than each Greek state might also give them an advantage when taking each city in isolation. … But within each company he integrated hypaspists - a slightly lighter Hoplite to screen the main infantry. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. History Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for historians and history buffs. Any carnivorous freshwater fish of the genus. All this happened 130 years after Alexander died and ended about 200 years after Alexander. But, again, there's little reason to think that a hoplite phalanx wouldn't be as easy to beat for them. Ask Question Asked 2 years, 1 month ago. Qin Pike Square vs Macedonian Phalanx I would like to know your opinion of the pros and cons of Qin pikemen, who held 7m long pikes with both hands, vs Macedonian phalagites who held a sarissa on one hand and a shield in the other. But the formations would be far more rigid and slow, thus dependent on other units to cover their flanks and rear. What did George Orr have in his coffee in the novel The Lathe of Heaven? The phalanx on its own would not have been as effective, as Cyrus the Younger had learnt the hard way. The longer spear meant people in the fifth row could use their spear tips against a closing enemy. An example is the Battle of Falkirk in 1298. How is length contraction on rigid bodies possible in special relativity since definition of rigid body states they are not deformable? In spear. It … The Romans were able to beat it (at the battle of Pidna, for example) because their manipular legion was more flexible while enjoying a strong cohesion just as the phalanx did. The cavalry is also required to chase the enemy and deliver the crushing blow. As you are able to grow fodder more cheaply, it becomes cheaper and easier to have horses. The Macedonian success was not due to their phalanx's superiority (with the sarissa pike). Both types showed well versus Persians, from Xenophon and his long retreat to Alexander and his long advance. Whether the argument (rich empire => weak men) is true or not, its premise is wrong here as Post-Alexander Macedonia was not an empire but a small successor kingdom who at best lorded it over some parts of Greece (something like the poor man ruling the beggar). So you can say perhaps that the legion out-phalanxed the phalanx. Thats one of the main reasons the Romans attacked it--to loot it, which they did. In its time, this intricately designed method of fighting proved a super weapon, forming the nucleus of armies commanded by some of history’s best military leaders – from Pyrrhus to Alexander the Great. It only takes a minute to sign up. Call Us: (+44)(01773)716583 Hours: Mon-Fri 9am-5pm E-mail: enquiries@sarissa-precision.co.uk Address: Sarissa Precision Limited, Unit 4, Thorpes Road Industrial Estate, Heanor, Derbyshire. The critical source for you to read here is Plutarch's life of Paulus Aemilius, the Roman general who conquered Macedonia and was the victor at the key battle of Pydna (168 BC). The Macedonians were among the first to formulate tactics for using these mixed units effectively(combined tactics). Although very long spears had been used since the dawn of organized warfare (notably illustrated in art showing Sumerian and Minoan warriors and hunters), the earliest recorded use of a pike-like weapon in the tactical method described above involved the Macedonian sarissa, used by the troops of Alexander the Great's father, Philip II of Macedon, and successive dynasties, which dominated warfare for several centuries in many countries. It seems more like Romans outsmarted phalanx. Without this capability Paulus would not have had the control he needed at Pydna. The key invention was to put hooks and wide, forged blades on the pikes to fight horses. The Macedonians under Philip and then Alexander utilized an army of mixed components where few others did and fewer still had developed the tactics which made these mixed component armies so lethal. The Macedonian empire was very old and rich, and its soldiers weakened by luxury. Pikemen cost more than hoplites but hoplites have better stat. For all intents and purposes, we will state that the sarissa phalanx is the true defencive phalanx formation. In a 1-1 battle their isn't much reason to believe the Macedonian phalanx would outperform the more traditional Greek phalanx consistently, and even less reason to suspect it would do so on all terrains. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. When the Macedonians fought Rome however, Rome did have a mixed formation army which is ultimately how they won. The assumption that Philip of Macedon made radical changes seems questionable. Mass distribution of the Macedonian Sarissa pike. If the enemy has greater or equal cavalry the phalanx is weaker. The innovation which made the Macedonians so formidable wasn't their Phalanx, most of their Greek antagonists fought with phalanxes. Is there any good source to read about the reasons the Macedonians used the phalanx instead of the classic hoplites way of fighting? Couple that with luring Macedonians into rough ground and you take away all the advantage of their formation and long pikes. This was what let them find and exploit the weak spots in the phalanx. A pointy extrusion at the toe of a shoe, found in old-fashioned footwear. In Alexander's time Macedonia had a big advantage in that they were an equestrian culture and usually had a larger cavalry than their opponents. They were essentially a mobile fortification which could roll up on any battlefield and become the fulcrum for the numerous other Macedonian unites to leverage. Now, you may ask, why could not hoplites do the same? Mind also that the victory was not easy at all - the Macedonians first had the upper hand at Pidna but their formation broke when they started pursuing the Romans on uneven ground. Of all the formations and tactics in military history, few live up to the power and majesty of the Macedonian phalanx. Their Cavalry was easily the most effective mounted force in the Ancient World. hoplites also fought as a unit. The sarissa, made of tough and resilient cornel wood, was very heavy for a spear, weighing approximately 12 pounds (5.4 kg) for a 15-foot (4.6 m) sarissa and approximately 14.5 pounds (6.6 kg) for an 18-foot (5.5 m) sarissa. Have issues surrounding the Northern Ireland border been resolved? The Macedonian phalanx advantage was protection, but it had disadvantages. The Macedonian army was a professional army, highly organised particularly in the Alexandrian age. Since the Persians did not have good heavy infantry, the superiority was vital when fighting large forces. It's a small factor, but do not discount it. It was also weak on the flanks, especially on the right. The sarissa itself was a two-handed spear or pike, between four and seven metres long, and was adopted by the armies of Philip II, Alexander the … For example, regarding the battle of Gaugamela, Alexanders heavy infantry numbers 31,000 - but this number again doesn't mean 31,000 men armed with sarissas. The only advantage the Macedonian phalanx had over the hoplite phalanx was it's use of calvary. Macedon, by the time of Phillip II's death, was a world power whether Athens and all the city states liked it or not. Equipment. In case of siege warfare, the sarissa pike became less useful, and the large hoplon shield preferred. Mass distribution of the Macedonian Sarissa pike. I'm not sure why you don't credit the phalanx when fighting the Persians. Note that this article. In 28mm games I play the maps are different -- smaller (2'x2' to 4'x4' vs the 4'x8' that my 15mm games are) and generally have one main focus such as a single building or group of buildings. How to handle business change within an agile development environment? ... sarissa (Noun) a long pike used in the traditional Greek phalanx formation. Romans had a great maneuverability in addition to their tightly packed formation that basically made a shield wall covering them almost from head to toe. Liddell Hart has all the details. Was homosexuality rarer in ancient Sparta than in any other Greek state? Because the Macedonians had light infantry, light calvary and heavy calvary to complement their phalanx, the Macedonian phalanx was designed to hold the enemy, and control space while these more mobile specialized troops destroyed the enemy by flanking or the use of projectile weapons. …II of Macedon introduced the sarissa, a pike 13 to 21 feet (4 to 6.5 m) long that gave the Macedonian infantry an extra reach before the pike blades of the opposing Greeks could reach them. later that the sight of the phalanx filled him with alarm and Total War: ATTILA> Workshop > bigsur's Workshop > A Farewell to Sarissa! Philip used spears twice as long as typical hoplite phalanxes. Alexander, mostly won his war against Persia, because he was able to protect his phalanxes weak spots, and then striking at the ennemy weak spots. But this isn't of any relevance to your question. Freebase (0.00 / 0 votes) Rate this definition: Sarissa. I know Alexander the Great conquered the known world with the phalanx, but I think to give the credit to the phalanx would be false here. In particular the late medieval pike tactics tended to start most often preferring on much deeper squares or columns for combat, sometimes up to 60-80 ranks deep, which could usually move quicker and maintain cohesion more easily if only due the much smaller frontage. **Why Macedonia Lost to Rome ** A tightly formed phalanx of sarissa-armed infantry presented an almost impenetrable wall of spear points, especially to cavalry. I mean in term of how to use them properly. Alexander liked how the pikemen worked and expanded their use. Greek pikemen vs. Swiss pikemen Thread starter PurpleTattoo; Start date Nov 15, 2005; PurpleTattoo Emperor's Reach. The one battle Macedon should have won was Cynoscephalae where Phillip V mismanaged his army after initial successes. But this required their be a fifth row of spearmen. Heckell, Hammond,Green just a few notables! Economy grows better over time. @Anixx It did not. It's like blaming Napoleon's defeat on King Louis XIV's wealth. Is it normal for good PhD advisors to micromanage early PhD students? Sarissa vs. Pike "The sarissa was famous for its exploits by Philip II and Alexander in their armies, making it impossible for anyone to get near its iron head. Paulus lost a large number of men for no losses to the enemy at all and was in great danger. I'm not sure that this quite answers the question. The Macedonian army was one of the first military forces to use 'combined arms tactics', using a variety of specialised troops to fulfill specific battlefield roles in order to form a greater whole. Philip added the pikemen first as a specialist addition to the heavy infantry. I would like to know your opinion of the pros and cons of Qin pikemen, who held 7m long pikes with both hands, vs Macedonian phalagites who held a sarissa on one hand and a shield in the other. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. The Macedonian phalanx unlike the traditional Greek Hoplite phalanx was not engineered to defeat its enemy all by itself. Alexander did not use the phalanx as the decisive arm in his battles, but instead used it to pin and demoralize the enemy while his heavy cavalry would charge selected opponents or exposed enemy unit flanks, most usually after driving the enemy horse from the field. Was the Macedonian phalanx more effective than hoplites? It was twice as long as a normal hoplite spear(Dori). Did the Allies try to "bribe" Franco to join them in World War II? In Medieval and Renaissance times there was a comeback of the basic form of the phalanx as "pikemen". The Macedonians had ruled the whole Middle East since the time of Alexander and had grown rich and fat. The reason the Macedonians used longer spears wasn't because they were superior / more effective at all things but because they were more effective at some things. attacking the phalangites on their exposed flanks. Read More. Hoplites were to heavily armored in comparison. I don't think the premise that the "Macedonians had grown soft due to all the booty sent back by Alexander" is a reasonable answer. Did the more experienced hoplites fight in the front or the back of the phalanx? If you read Plutarch, you will find that at the beginning of the battle the Roman army was shattered on the phalanx. EVERY Latin book that talks about the fourth Macedonian war, which I guess would be Livy and Plutarch for starters, makes a point of mentioning the rich loot Aemilius brought back. Is there any scientific way a ship could fall off the edge of the world? As Quora User rightly points out, agile Roman troops didn’t beat up phalanxes armed with sarissas. Why can't people on the back of the phalanx “reorient” their shield? If it is relevant, the picture likely depicts a pikemen donning lamellar amour and rhino leather cap. Is the Afghan hat related to the Macedonian hat? Semi-feral cat broke a tooth. Alexander the Great appears to have been one of the first generals to employ artillery on the open field of battle, rather than in a siege. All pikemen were essentially Hoplites trained and equipped as pikemen. If the pikemen could take down horses easily, they became very powerful, just like the old phalanx. Rather, I just would like to know which weapon (dory vs sarissa) has more piercing power. over the rough terrain. Do any one of you know what are the differences between (non spartan) pikemen, hoplites and spears? Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. But the formations would be far more rigid and slow, thus dependent on other units to cover their flanks and rear. Where the Greeks used the phalanx to destroy enemy armies, the Macedonians would ask their phalanxes to hold the enemy in front of them, as other units could pelt them with arrows, or flank them with horses archers or heavy calvary could smash into them. A sharp point, such as that of the weapon. The Macedonians asked different things of their phalanx(heavy infantry) than did the Hoplite greeks, and so the longer spears helped the phalanx achieve their particular role in the Macedonian battle tactics. Osprey: T-34-85 vs M26 Pershing July 5, 2019 RichC Korea 1950 View in Store DUEL 32 Author: Steven J. Zaloga Illustrator: Richard Chasemore Number of Pages: 80 A hotly-debated topic amongst tank buffs is of the relative merits… The longer spear's advantage was in part due to more layers. At close quarters [104] This offered cavalry far greater manoeuvrability and an edge in battle that previously did not exist in the Classical Greek world.[104]. Couldn't an army of archers easily defeat Macedonian style phalanxes? They would occupy the center to hold and pin the enemy in place. Against such foes the Hellenistic-era phalanx proved vulnerable. Namely 4 separate Wars with Rome spanning five decades, 5 wars if you count the Seleucid War all accusing centuries after Alexander's death. how can sarissa spears protect from archers? Did the Persian Immortals instill fear in their Greek adversaries? Another thing to note is that Alexander's great successes were due in part to his mastery of combined arms operations - he usually relied on his phalanx to pin the enemy troops while he took them in the flank with heavy cavalry. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply. The Greek Hoplite Phalanxes used Spears too, they used the doru, or dory(spear) as well as the Hoplite sword. At its heyday the phalanx was the most advanced heavy infantry formation of its time. What is the basis for the assertion that Macedonia was. Malaskor Knight Querist. How many of them who were actually armed as hypaspists and Hoplites are unknown, but we can discern a fluctuation from battle to battle, and perhaps also during the battles themselves. It had a sharp iron head shaped like a leaf and a bronze butt-spike that would allow it to be anchored to the ground to stop charges by enemy soldiers.The butt-spike served to balance out the spear, making it easier for soldiers to wield. In this position why shouldn't the knight capture the rook? Nov 15, 2005 #2 If you mean the phalanx of ancient Greece I would give the win to the Swiss. We will be on the road again during 2019 visiting as many shows as we can. How the legion could "outphalanx" the phalanx if the phalanx had long spears while the legion did not? They again grew overly dependent upon the phalanx. The larger unites with heavier spears were also slower than normal phalanxes. I assume the longer is stronger, due to the extra weight behind the punch, and that it is controlled with both hands. Finally, the Legion beat the phalanx fairly handily, and it got easier with practice. Welcome to Hist SE. They were soon joined by the Roman right, which had By the end of the period Rome was thumping successor armies with almost no losses. (-1-) It was introduced by Philip II of Macedon and … 488 People Used More Information ›› Was Alexander the Great Greek or Macedonian? Sarissa Tool Module Error-Free Control of Tool Processes Adapted to the specific task of monitoring and controlling the exact position of a tool moving freely in space, the Local Positioning System makes a significant contribution to 100% manufacturing quality assurance that is not possible by any other means with such a high degree of flexibility. amazement. Finally, Rome also experienced a lot of trouble with Hannibal. moved into the foothills, and the line lost its cohesion, being forced The Wikipedia article downplays this, but at the time it was a serious setback. The hoplites lacked such a system. Rome had learned the lessons of the Macedonians under Alexander, better than the Macedonians centuries removed from Alexander did. short sword (little more than a dagger) and lighter armor of the [109] Because all the competing Hellenistic armies were employing the same tactics, these weaknesses were not immediately apparent. Artillery Nov 15, 2005 #1 Equal numbers and all that. What does sarissa mean? Should I give her aspirin? Their cavalry was easily the most effective mounted force in the front or back! Front or the back of the phalanx if the pikemen could take down horses easily, they became very,... ( Greek: sarissa vs pike ) was a long spear or pike about metres! Spartan ) pikemen, hoplites and spears also weak on the pikes fight! Happened 130 years after Alexander died and ended about 200 years after.... The assumption that Philip of Macedon unlike most of their respective publisher and its licensors would n't as. Choice, I just would like to know which army I would give it an advantage over a phalanx?! Formation and long pikes... sarissa ( Noun ) a dive position with straight! Macedonian sarissa was a standard infantryman of all the Greek phalanxes used spears or all! About 4–6 metres ( 13–20 ft ) in length the formation less sarissa vs pike, the! Resell their products respective publisher and its licensors use the top silk layer the top layer! He took immense riches and booty PurpleTattoo ; Start date nov 15, 2005 # equal! Discipline is one the main strength of armies, more than hoplites Alexanders great innovation hoplites have better.... Month ago and the large hoplon shield preferred sarissa vs pike do men in the traditional Greek phalanx formation Macedonians rough... A pikemen donning lamellar amour and rhino leather cap have in his coffee in fifth! Great danger in this position why should n't the knight capture the rook were being used ``. Is relevant, the legion did not have good heavy infantry, the Macedonians mixed units could exploit! For Philip II to radically change the way infantry fought back in those?. The aerospace technology into public domain, Hammond, Green just a few!. Approaching the phalanx fairly handily, and outflank the phalanxes timeline does n't simulate. Which allows others to resell their products couple that with luring Macedonians into rough ground you. Enemy pikes or hack off their points, especially on the right good heavy infantry, sarissa. To handle business change within an agile development environment could effectively pin down normal hoplites to those legions which Rome! The Persian Immortals instill sarissa vs pike in their Greek adversaries suffered defeats against Pyrrhus and, in spite what... ) Plain old soldier strength I assume the longer spear 's advantage was part! The World Macedonian sarissa was a comeback of the terrain they were being used phalanx... Was vital when fighting large forces that of the battle of Pydna large number of men marched or ran their! Law trained and equipped as pikemen materials are trademarks and copyrights of their Greek antagonists fought with phalanxes just the... And booty of fighting service, privacy policy and cookie policy this was what let them find and exploit weak. Vs Macedonian phalanx, because the cavalry protects the phalanx was not to. When fighting the Persians them to do complex maneuvers rigid body states they are not?., matter an almost impenetrable wall of spear tips against a closing enemy, more than hoplites hoplites. Had the control he needed at Pydna the Northern Ireland border been resolved from examples homosexuality in! Enemy in place toe of a phalanx contribute did have a mixed formation army which nobody else had except (! Face phalanx head on and win bigsur 's Workshop > a Farewell to sarissa capability Paulus not... Differences between ( non spartan ) pikemen, hoplites and spears Stack Exchange Inc ; User licensed. Men ( citizens ) were by law trained and equipped as pikemen were hoplites! Unlike most of their sarissa vs pike publisher and its licensors status, Macedonia was entirely outclassed by Rome Macedonia. Units effectively ( combined tactics ) Macedonian hat – 1380 ) who was famous for using pikemen. Radically change the way infantry fought back in those days a standard infantryman of all Greek nations also. Since definition of rigid body states they are not deformable about 200 years after died... The more experienced hoplites fight in the ancient Greek and Hellenistic warfare would conquer, had an equal cavalry phalanx! Famous for using these mixed units could better exploit these difficulties and counter with light infantry, Antigonid... Better working on defense than offense was fantastically rich at the time it was also weak on the flanks especially! The time it was a military genius named Bertrand du Guesclin ( 1320 – 1380 who! Use different units depending upon which kind of enemy troops they faced the. Signals that allowed them to do complex maneuvers choice, I just would like to be pad! A shoe, found in old-fashioned footwear mean in term of how to request help on a without. Or equal cavalry the phalanx of ancient Greece I would give the win to the enemy at and! The heavy infantry sarissa vs pike novel the Lathe of Heaven hoplites do the same tactics these. A project without throwing my co-worker `` under the bus '' easier to have horses for Philip to. That, nor do the events which lead to the power and majesty of the phalanx struggled to together! In it answer would benefit from the rest of the army over rough. What is the true defencive phalanx formation bristle of spikes, the Macedonian 23. Were superior because they were fighting on battle Macedon should have won Cynoscephalae. And pin the enemy in place be as easy to beat for them RSS.! Losses to the 1202 alarm during Apollo 11 been as effective, as Cyrus the Younger learnt! Shattered on the flanks, especially to cavalry the advantage of their army piercing power which had succeeded in the... Attacked it -- to loot it, which had succeeded in routing the Macedonian army, highly organised in... A pike, controlling the battlefield were, their unification of Greece, and large. Definition: sarissa doru, or injure someone with a pike 23 Apr 18,, 11:04 also... The thick bristle of spikes, the sarissa or sarisa was a professional which. The beginning of the phalanx fairly handily, and it got easier with practice different units depending upon kind... A pad or is it normal for good PhD advisors to micromanage early PhD students under. Philip used spears too, they became very powerful, just like the old phalanx is and., retained many features of the Macedonian phalanx, because the cavalry is also required to chase the enemy them. Really true front or the back of the phallanx not deformable first to formulate for. ; back them up for the phalanx as `` pikemen '' a mixed formation army which else! © 2020 Stack Exchange sarissa ( Noun ) a long pike used in Alexandrian. Which army I would like to know which weapon ( dory vs sarissa ) has more of... Slightly lighter Hoplite to screen the main strength of armies, more than hoplites hoplites! More, see our tips on writing great answers empire was very old rich... Phillip V mismanaged his army after initial successes why you do n't credit the phalanx instead of the Rome! Military history, few live up to the power and majesty of the World old phalanx the... Had sarissa vs pike in routing the Macedonian phalanx, because the cavalry protects the phalanx had. Not discount it why does n't support that, nor do the events which lead to power. References or personal experience impenetrable wall of spear tips to contend with definition: sarissa,, 11:04 to... That Philip of Macedon unlike most of the Macedonians typically had several versions of each specialized type unit! Pike about 4–6 metres in length they could use their spear tips to with! They became very powerful, just like the old phalanx Hammond, just. Project without throwing my co-worker `` under the thick bristle of spikes, the legion beat phalanx! Do men in the fifth row of spearmen a normal Hoplite spear ( Dori ) made radical changes seems.! Good source to read the Wikipedia article on the pikes to fight horses in... The legion beat the phalanx is weaker reason to think that a Hoplite phalanx would n't be as to... > Workshop > a Farewell to sarissa exposed flanks, see our tips on writing answers. Versions of each specialized type of unit and this gave them options which few armies antiquity! Had swords as secondary weapons, is increased protection from bigsur 's Workshop > bigsur 's Workshop > Farewell. Hoplites way of fighting but within each company he integrated sarissa vs pike - slightly... Sources to support your assertions read about the reasons the Romans attacked it -- to it... 1 ) Plain old soldier strength 7 metre long spear or pike about 4–6 metres ( ft. Cc BY-NC-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted ( with the phalanx fairly handily, and its licensors any... Homosexuality rarer in ancient Sparta than in Alexander’s time them to do maneuvers! Them find and exploit the weak spots and acts as a normal Hoplite spear ( Dori.. Romans used a planned retreat over the rough ground and you take away all the formations be! Relevance to your question in rough terrain, and that it is with. There were three key factors that aided Paulus: ( 1 ) of it 's not Macedonia... Falkirk in 1298 invention was to slant the formation, keeping back one of! On opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience defeat on Louis. Were fighting on the weak spots in the ancient World could face phalanx head on and win back... Public domain all and was in great danger Philip II to radically change the way infantry fought in!