(Gill, N.S. Roman Legion- composed of medium to heavily armored infantry carrying pila (throwing spear with a soft iron shank near the head), full body scutum(shield) and Gladius (shortsword). 5. PoS Minister of Love. (Gill, N.S. The Roman Legion and the Greek Phalanx were both battle formations that were similar in many ways, yet completely different in many other ways. All of the Gods have a Roman counterpart, because it was the Greek There army was incredibly large and wore “cleats” for better traction but these cleats also made marching through cities loud and terrifying. Highly recommend for people who love military history or ancient roman and greek history. Covering the period in which the legion and phalanx clashed (280--168 BC), he looks at each formation in detail--delving into their tactics, arms, and equipment, organization and the deployment. take ur glocks out and? Until the 4th century BC the massive Greek phalanx was the mode of battle. Roman Soldier; Greek Soldier; Maniple; Phalanx; What do you think? ... Modern Artists Show How the Ancient Greeks & Romans Made Coins, Vases & Artisanal Glass. They changed from free people to free men. Dropping the spears they draw swords. The epic battles between the two of them, as well as other parties and them, have most certainly changed history. If they had met a hundred years before it may have been a very different story , The heavy Spartan charge would have smashed through there highly organised formations , as they found out to there cost when they met the Goths. This influence is probably the hugest because this essay right now is written with letters; an idea that was first made real by the Greeks. Greek Phalanx versus Roman Legion. 6. This sword meant they were more mobile and independent on the battlefield. The first concept that they invented that is still being used is the alphabet. See more ideas about ancient warriors, greek warrior, ancient greece. There are twelve main Roman gods and goddesses and twelve major Greek gods and goddesses. But who would win in a battle between a Roman Legion and a Greek Phalanx? I know what some of you may say, the legion is heavily armoured and more versitile. In my opinion I prefer the Greek phalanx. Keep reading to find out! Although both implemented strong organization, they organized their soldiers in a different manner. In contrast, a phalanx only really works when the entire army is in one cohesive formation. Many people are unaware of just how alike the Romans and the Greeks are. Of all the formations that the Romans hated the planx formation was the worst , But like all methods applied in war there is a way around them and the Romans were highly organised an soon developed a way to break it , the planx was extremely dangerous at the front but highly vulnerable from the back . The Greek changed tactics with the porcupine a line of spears at the back as well as the front but it was only one line and a mass charge of horse soon broke it. Discussion/Question. Of course, if you consider Alexander the Great as a greek army, he had 50K. Mr. Burtnack b. Would it be the same scenario for the Spartan's Phalanx? Sparta for example has 3,584 soldiers at on point. Find your thing. The Phalanx forms up in standard formation 16 men deep with the front 4 ranks having spears lowered in battle formation the rest at various angles to help deflect incoming missile fire. Keep reading to find out! ... and attempted a rebellion of opportunity. This paper will give readers clearer picture of the Greeks and Romans. The slaves worked without pay many time and did hard labor such as the slaves of the 20th century. The maceoic wars--where Rome actual fought for Greek lands--were not all out battles. Greek phalanx Edit. 2. Romans copied the Greeks. This is a good treatment of Greek and Roman military organization and tactical employment of the two approaches to infantry formation in the ... Legion vs Phalanx is highly readable. Due to the weaponry and formation they were incapable to move excessively or turn quickly. I obviously know that the Romans conquered the Greeks but suppose it was a straight fight. The Phalanx advances and the slingers close in to fire on the advancing troops. GREECE IS BETTER THAN Romans. u better hide, homie. In contrast, a phalanx only really works when the entire army is in one cohesive formation. This paper compares and contrasts the Greek and Roman Cultures. Although Roman and Greek mythology are classified in the same category, the two are tremendously diverse. Greek Phalanx versus Roman Legion. Gabraille Driscol Games; Referances; Phalanx. Shop our range of T-Shirts, Tanks, Hoodies, Dresses, and more. The Manipular system was adopted at around 315 BC, during the Second Samnite War. Roman troops from further back in the line continue to launch pila into the tightly packed ranks causing more casualties and chaos. 3. Did Spartans really throw disabled or ill born babies over the Ceadas cliff? How Are the Greeks and Romans in Western Civilization? Doesn't matter who the troops manning the phalanx are, it's weakness is in it's inability to change direction quickly and react to attacks from the flanks and the rear. In today's politics, many ideas are split between and even within all the political parties. They were more like town squabbles. So you can say perhaps that the legion out-phalanxed the phalanx. Most believe that during these times of war they weren't thought out well and weren't planned kind of like how you see in movies but this isn’t true. Discussion/Question. Greece and Rome both had armies of there own but the only Polis that used professional soldiers was Sparta. But who would win in a battle between a Roman Legion and a Greek Phalanx? But they have different names for them. So you can say perhaps that the legion … Ages of early Greek mythology to Ovid ( Poet of Metamorphoses) Even if it was... ...Institutions for centralized & inherited power In Legion versus Phalanx Cole weighs the two fighting forces against each other. Unique Phalanx clothing designed and sold by artists for women, men, and everyone. One of the most obvious reasons to implement such beliefs is the need for an explanation of their creation. Raised in ancient Greece, Polybius fought in Hellenic battles before being sent to Rome as a hostage, though he was given great freedoms during his stay. The development of the early legion may be seen as a Roman version of the Greek phalanx formation. The hoplites would lock their shields together, and the first few ranks of soldiers would project their spears out over the first rank of shields. 1 of 2 Go to page. . Contrast- Greece is surrounded by hilly countryside’s located near water. Spartan Phalanx vs Roman Legionary, who wins? b. Ionic: elegant, sophisticated. Contrast- Greeks thought it was degrading to get dirty so they hired slaves to do... ...Greek vs. Roman Mythology They were... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. The epic battles between the two of them, as well as other parties and them, have most certainly changed history. The Greek Phalanx and the Roman Legion were two of the most revolutionary war tactics created in the ancient warfare era. Iliad, Odyssey. However, that was against the Carthaginians and not the Greeks. Greek Phalanx Versus Roman Legion. The Roman culture is very un strict and focus of the greater good of the gods and mankind. Peter Connolly captures the action as the phalanx pins and pushes back the Romans on the level ground. Temple to powerful gods. Both formations were formed through strict organization of soldiers and commanding officers. I ran across this post that argues that the Greek Phalanx was actually a superior infantry formation and the author even goes on to say that Alexander's army was superior in all respects to Julius Caesar's. One of the reasons Rome was so powerful was because of their enormous terrifying army. Rome is more inland without natural hilly borders . antichrist is flyin' thru town. The clash of the two most powerful armies of the ancient world to this day has historians on the edge of their seats. More men fall from pila that get through, some are stopped by shields and the soft shank of the pila bends after the tip lodges in the shield. In my opinion I prefer the Greek phalanx. After suffering a series of defeats culminating in the surrender of an ent… Does the Japanese Self Defense Force have what it takes to stand up to China's People's Liberation Army & Navy if China were to invade Japan? Calendar; Community. Compare- Greece and Rome are found in the Mediterranean. These are just some of the few things that are focused with the Greeks and the Romans. The Roman victory in the Battle of Cynoscephalae ( 197 BC ) marked the end of the Second Macedonian War between Rome and Philip V, king of Macedon.The battle is considered one of the best examples of manipular Roman legion superiority over the Macedonian phalanx … The Roman Legion on the other hand were both medially or heavily armored soldiers broken up into small groups called maniples and were much more mobile. Despite their similarities Greek and Roman mythology has key differences: in the Gods names, what they are based off of, ideologies and stories of creation. The Romans had adopted the gods and myths from the Greeks who had come about 1,000 years before the Romans. Roman close combat tactics begin to show their superiority against the rarely used swords of the phalanx. Sure the phalanx was ALMOST unbreakable, from the front. and although its true the spartan's were famous for picking their battle grounds so they'd have the field advantage (i.e. Until, that is, the Roman legion emerged to challenge them as masters of infantry battle. Highly detailed overviews of Legionary and Phalanx equipment, weapons, armor, and tactics. . The Macedonian phalanx (Greek: ... until they were ultimately displaced by the Roman legions Development. With the alphabet another innovation was made, this was the library. That is, until the Romans developed the legion and cracked the phalanx. Republican Roman Army vs. Greek Phalanx. Nov 7, 2020. A Roman legion could easily exploit the weaknesses of the phalanx and overcome the Greeks, as happened in real life. Take the Quiz: Roman Legion vs. Macedonian Phalanx. . Gods, Open Bathhouses, and Warfare. Shop our range of T-Shirts, Tanks, Hoodies, Dresses, and more. a. Theses two mythologies also differed on ideology. Mr. Lynn Compare- Greece and Rome were economically based on agriculture, The basic tactic was the man behind put his shield against the back of the man in front and pushed. That was the Library of Alexandria. Greek and Roman Cultures 2012) ...The Roman Legion and the Greek Phalanx Maniple (Latin: manipulus, literally meaning "a handful") was a tactical unit of the Roman legion adopted from the Samnites during the Samnite Wars (343–290 BC). Look up the battles of Pydna and Cynoscephalae. The hoplite phalanx of the Archaic and Classicalperiods in Greece (ca. If im from australia and move to korea do i have to do military services? This paper compares and contrasts distinguishing elements or features of early Greek and Roman cultures, including illustrative or significant examples of the various features. your own Pins on Pinterest But the gods of the ancient Greeks and Romans live on in powerful myths that have borne retelling for countless generations. The Greeks and Romans advanced civilization to a high standard just before it crumbed and was dashed into shambles. The Short stabbing sword is a key difference as it was used by the Romans as a primary, rather than the spear. Contrast -Rome became a Republican government. The very long spears are very heavy and unwieldy and very hard to shift from front to back. The god of war, the copious amount of mythoi, and the relations between the Greek and Roman gods are only a few of the many comparisons between the two. Who would win the battle, strategically speaking? Abstract Yes there are a few changes that have been extracted throughout the two but they are similar to each other in many ways. See more ideas about ancient warriors, greek warrior, ancient greece. Actually the Romans started out using the Greek Phalanx and then moved on to the more familiar legion structure we’ve all come to know and love. Greece was either a client state or a province of Rome for centuries, of course Roman legions could and did defeat Greek armies. Thread starter PoS; Start date Jun 7, 2015; 1; 2; Next. A Roman legion was different from a Greek phalanx in several key ways. 2012) producing wine and olive oil. Greek Heros= models of courage & skill to men (what to be) & women (what to look for- sense of security). The late Macedonian phalanx had become heavier, more massive and while its flanks needed to be protected more than ever, the cavalry had been largely abandoned by the Macedonian Kingdom at this point. Purpose: cultural propaganda. The phalanx therefore presented a shield wall and a mass of spear points to the enemy, making frontal assaults against it very difficult. Some examples include the names of the gods and goddesses, the numerous myths, and the clear difference in one deity, the god of warfare. Roman soldiers would have thus looked much like Greek hoplites. Government I obviously know that the Romans conquered the Greeks but suppose it was a straight fight. Nov 8, 2020. What if the two would go into battle against each other? I wanted to compare the two greatest military units in the ancient world, the legion versus the Greek phalanx. Remember Me? Although both implemented strong organization, they organized their soldiers in a different manner. When the Romans conquered the Greeks they adopted many of their customs and most importantly their beliefs. Until, that is, the Roman legion emerged to challenge them as masters of infantry battle. In the foreground, a maniple has exploited a gap in the arrayed pikes of the white shield phalanx. The Greek Phalanx was one big unit of heavily armored soldiers that were tightly packed and strapped with primarily long spears, shields and short stabbing swords. After learning more about both of the formations (Legions for Rome and Phalanxes for Greece) it got me wondering on which one would win. Problem is that phalanx is a formation, 'legion' is a unit..it's like comparing apples to elephants. I would personally prefer the Phalanx due to thier discipline and effectiveness againt cavalry compared to the Romans. Blind poet Homer - represents the culmination of a long and vigorous tradition in which oral recitation—possibly to instrumental accompaniment—was a popular kind of entertainment. Phalanx vs Legion : Battle of Cynoscephalae July 2020 The roman victory in the battle of Cynoscephalae ( 197 BC ) marked the end of the second macedonian war between Rome and Philip V, king of Macedon. Many people believe that all of Greece was united and had one large spectacular army but that’s not true. 29 sept. 2014 - Macedonian Phalanx | Greek Phalanx vs Roman Legion This prevents them from removing the pila to throw back and also fouls the shield causing it to be tossed aside. Though they had advances back then, just how have the Greeks shaped the western civilization, how did the Romans influence it as well? Roman gods are known as the same thing that Greek gods are. The Greek and Roman warriors are remembered for their power, their strength and their ability to strategise. The legion system allowed for men to be put into smaller more manuverable groups called centuria (which oddly enough consisted of about 80 men typically). Dominant and alternate cultural themes in the Iliad At its heyday the phalanx was the most advanced heavy infantry formation of its time. In the mighty Phalanx men stood side by side. see review. From modern art to the gods and goddesses. During the second punic, the Roman's had between 50-100, thousand. This debate forum is not aligned to any political party. Discussion in 'Military History' started by Hufflepuff, Feb 18, 2009. Hufflepuff Semi-Frightening Mountain Goat. As their society evolved so did the people. Greeks had tiny armies. In ancient Roman mythology, there are over one hundred fifty minor gods and goddesses and even fewer in... ...example Roman and Greek both had their own armies but the only Polis that had there own professional army was Sparta, another example is how the Romans would banned together not just with the societies they conquered but with each other as well, Rome and Greece also had different types of government. In Roman mythology Zeus is known as Jupiter, Aphrodite is known as Venus, and so on. Maniples could act independently to flank while other units engaged the front of the line. The phalanx is strong in front but weak on the flanks. They worked hard to create what is known as a lost legacy nowadays; but how much of Greece is actually still influencing us today? The first and most noticeable difference between Greek and Roman mythology lies in the Gods and Goddess’s names. The rugged terrain of Samnium where the war was fought highlighted the lack of manoeuvrability inherent in the phalanx formation which the Romans had inherited from the Etruscans.The main battle troops of the Etruscans and Latins of this period comprised Greek-style hoplite phalanxes, inherited from the original Greek military unit, the phalanx. The Macedonian phalanx (Greek: Μακεδονική φάλαγξ) is an infantry formation developed by Philip II and used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Achaemenid Empire and other armies. i believe the Romans had a better army, due to their weaponry and how they fought in war. These battles brought an end to two of the Macedonian Wars and proved once and for all the superiority of the legion to even the mighty Macedonian phalanx. The Roman legions utilized a more flexible battlefield strategy, with smaller units able to move independently. It was also the name of the military insignia carried by such unit. Here and their a stone gets through and a soldier falls. Re: Roman Legions vs Greek HOPLITE Phalanx The hoplite phalanx stood a better chance than the particular late Macedonian phalanx. The Roman legions utilized a more flexible battlefield strategy, with smaller units able to move independently. Roman. Why is so little of the latest relief bill actually related to COVID? You can sign in to vote the answer. American InterContinental University (Gill, N.S. How do you think about the answers? (Gill, N.S. The sarissa is too long for anyone to reach and formation is too dense for Romans to break it with pilums. I ran across this post that argues that the Greek Phalanx was actually a superior infantry formation and the author even goes on to say that Alexander's army was superior in all respects to Julius Caesar's. Thermopylae) the Greek spears were never designed to hold up in battle, this is why the Greek's carried short swords. Roman's had world wars. Isn't it an insult to everyone in the miltary to say america is no longer free and the elections was riged ? HUMA215-1204A-10 This throws the phalanx into chaos, the files on the flanks are no longer being pushed by the troops behind them and it becomes much easier for the Romans directly across from that file to move in for the kill. And this was before the empire! Go. b. They were covered by half of their shield and half by the soldier next to them's shield. Get your answers by asking now. He deduces that the Romans refused to fight the phalanx where the phalanx was most effective and offered battle only when they felt that they could exploit the clumsiness and immobility of the phalanx. Daniel Eys I'm often asked questions such as this: Geographical Terrain Greek mythology and its Roman counter part have fascinated people for ages. These are only three out of many examples of some differences between Rome and Greece. In order to turn another direction all spears had to be lifted and then the men turn, otherwise they would foul each other up. 2012) The interior files keep advancing as the Phalanx is no longer a solid front. The phalanx would work on head on attacks, but the legion is mobile and can flank it. Both cultures adopted these beliefs of powerful gods who controlled essentially every aspect of their day-to-day lives for multiple reasons, some alike and some not. The man on the far right was left partly exposed so the entire right side was left vulnerable and the most likely to be attacked. The man behind steps forward to fill the gap.Wounded are trampled by the troops following. There are many different legends in Greek and Roman mythology about how the world as well as the humans and various animals that inhabit it were created. But in a one in one fight the Greeks were superior. I DON'T CARE WHO IS STRONGER. 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